Category Archives: Digital Collections

Kopley, “Teaching the Revisions of Woolf and Others”

Bibliography of Draft Material by Woolf


Draft versions of books by Woolf

(listed chronologically by initial publication of each book for which the following are draft versions)

Melymbrosia: An Early Version of The Voyage Out, edited by Louise DeSalvo, New York Public Library, 1982.

Virginia Woolf’s Jacob’s Room: The Holograph Draft, edited by Edward Bishop, Pace UP, 1998.

“The Hours”: The British Museum Manuscript of Mrs. Dalloway, edited by Helen Wussow, Pace UP, 1996.

To the Lighthouse: The Original Holograph Draft, edited by Susan Dick, U of Toronto P, 1982.

Orlando: The Holograph Draft, edited by Stuart N. Clarke, S. N. Clarke, 1993.

Women & Fiction: The Manuscript Version of A Room of One’s Own, edited by S. P. Rosenbaum, Blackwell, Shakespeare Head P, 1992.

The Waves: The Two Holograph Drafts, edited by J. W. Graham, U of Toronto P, 1976.

The Pargiters: The Novel-Essay Portion of The Years, edited by Mitchell A. Leaska, Hogarth Press, 1978.

Pointz Hall: The Earlier and Later Typescripts of Between the Acts, edited by Mitchell A. Leaska, New York UP, 1983.

Articles and book chapters including primary draft material by Woolf

Daugherty, Beth Rigel. “Virginia Woolf’s ‘How Should One Read a Book?” Woolf Studies Annual vol. 4, 1998, pp. 123–85.

DeSalvo, Louise A. “Virginia Woolf’s Revisions for the 1920 American and English Editions of The Voyage Out.” Bulletin of Research in the Humanities, vol. 82, 1979, pp. 338–66.

Gabler, Hans Walter. “A Tale of Two Texts: Or, How One Might Edit Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse.” Woolf Studies Annual vol. 10, 2004, pp. 1–29.

Gewirtz, Isaac. “‘With Anger and Emphasis’: The Proof Copy of A Room of One’s Own.” Woolf Studies Annual, vol. 17, 2011, pp. 1–76.

Haule, James M.; Charles Mauron (trans.) “‘Le Temps passe’ and the Original Typescript: An Early Version of the ‘Time Passes’ Section of To the Lighthouse.” Twentieth Century Literature, vol. 29, no. 3, 1983, pp. 267–311.

Hankins, Leslie Kathleen. “Virginia Woolf’s ‘The Cinema’: Sneak Previews of the Holograph Pre-Texts through Post-Publication Revisions.” Woolf Studies Annual vol. 15, 2009, pp. 135–75.

Hildick, Wallace. “Virginia Woolf.” Word for Word: A Study of Authors’ Alterations with Exercises. Faber and Faber, 1965. 176–87.

Lavin, J. A. “The First Editions of Virginia Woolf’s To the Lighthouse.Proof: The Yearbook of American Bibliographical and Textual Studies 2, edited by Joseph Katz, U of South Carolina P, 1972, pp. 185–211.

McGinn, Emily, Amy Leggette, Matthew Hannah, and Paul Bellow. “Comparing Marks: A Versioning Edition of Virginia Woolf’s ‘The Mark on the Wall.’” Scholarly Editing: The Annual of the Association for Documentary Editing vol. 35, 2014. Web. 21 March 2017. <>.

Moore, Madeline. “Orlando: An Edition of the Manuscript.” Twentieth Century Literature, vol. 25, nos. 3/4 (Virginia Woolf Issue), 1974, pp. 303–55.

Radin, Grace. “‘Two enormous chunks’: Episodes Excluded During the Final Revisions of The Years.” Bulletin of the New York Public Library, vol. 80, 1977, pp. 221–51.

Scott, Alison M. “‘Tantalising Fragments’: The Proofs of Virginia Woolf’s Orlando. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, vol. 88, no. 3, 1994, pp. 279–351.

Shields, E. F. “The American Edition of Mrs. Dalloway.” Studies in Bibliography, vol. 27, 1974, pp. 157–75.

Squier, Susan. “A Track of Our Own: Typescript Drafts of The Years.” Virginia Woolf: A Feminist Slant, edited by Jane Marcus, U of Nebraska P, 1983, pp. 198–211.

Wright, Glenn P. “The Raverat Proofs of Mrs. Dalloway.” Studies in Bibliography, vol. 29, 1986, pp. 241–61.

Digital primary draft material by Woolf

Digital Orlando. Loyola University Chicago. Web. 21 March 2017. <>.

McGinn et al. [cited above]. “The Mark on the Wall” Edition. Web. 21 March 2017. <>.

“Notebook drafts of Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway.” The British Library. <>. Accessed 1 April 2017.

“Woolf in the World: A Pen and a Press of Her Own.” Page proofs of To the Lighthouse. Mortimer Rare Book Room, Smith College. <>. Accessed 1 April 2017.

Woolf Online. Ed. Pamela L. Caughie, Nick Hayward, Mark Hussey, Peter Shillingsburg, and George K. Thiruvathukal. Web. 21 March 2017.  <>.


Related reading:   Gordon and Southworth, Mendelman, Kane, Sorensen

Marshik, “Teaching Modernism and the Middlebrow Using the Artist Novel”

The Middlebrow Network

Link here

From the Home page:

The Middlebrow Network is an AHRC-funded project that provides a focus for research on the loaded and disreputable term “middlebrow” and the areas of cultural production it purports to represent. The network is both transatlantic and interdisciplinary: we work to foster discussion and collaboration across geographical and disciplinary divides.  (Accessed April 9, 2018)

Gordon and Southworth, “Women Making Modernism: Digital Humanities and Modernist Women’s Innovations”

Note:  These resources correspond to the six course components described in “Women Making Modernism.”  They include recommended readings and digital resources.

General Resources:

The Modernist Journals Project

The Modernist Archives Publishing Project

Orlando:  Women’s Writing in the British Isles from the Beginning to the Present

The Reading Experience Database (RED)

Related reading:  Kopley, Mendelman, Kane, Sorensen


Drouin, Jeffrey. “Close-and Distant-Reading Modernism: Network Analysis, Text Mining, Pedagogy, and The Little Review.” Journal of Modern Periodical Studies, vol. 5, no. 1, 2014, pp. 110–35.

Hammill, Faye and Mark Hussey.  Modernist Print Culture.  Bloomsbury Academic, 2015.

Brooker, Peter and Andrew Thacker, editors.  The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines.  Oxford UP, 2009.

Poetry magazine’s open-access archive with full-text versions from 1912 to the present.  Link here


Ford, Hugh. Published in Paris. Norton, 1980.

Kennedy, Richard. A Boy at the Hogarth Press. Hesperus, 2011.

Cunard, Nancy. These Were the Hours.  Southern Illinois UP, 1969.

Beach, Sylvia. Shakespeare and Company. U of Nebraska P, 1991.

Southworth, Helen. Leonard and Virginia Woolf, The Hogarth Press and the Networks of Modernism. Edinburgh UP, 2010.

Jaillant, Lise. Cheap Modernisms and Modernism, Middlebrow and the Literary Canon:  The Modern Library Series, 1917–1955. Edinburgh UP, 2017

Willis, J.H. Leonard and Virginia Woolf as Publishers:The Hogarth Press 1917–1941. U of Virginia P, 1992.

Cunard, Nancy. Negro Anthology online version.  Link here

On Robert Graves’s and Laura Riding’s Seizin Press.  Link here

First edition of Ruth Manning Sanders’s Karn (Hogarth Press) at Hathi Trust.  Link here  


 Light, Alison Mrs Woolf and the Servants.  Penguin, 2008.

—–. Common People: The History of an English Family. Penguin, 2014.

Cuddy Keane, Melba. “From Fan-Mail to Readers’ Letters: Locating John Farrelly.” Woolf Studies Annual, vol. 11, 2005, pp. 3–32.

Southworth, Helen.  Fresca, A Life In the Making: A Biographer’s Quest for A Forgotten Bloomsbury Polymath.  Sussex Academic Press, 2017.

Reading Experience Database for readers of Woolf’s work.  Link here

Open Modernisms for full text digital versions of modernist texts.  Link here

Modernist Versions Project at the University of Victoria.  Link here


A MYRIAD and other Attempts at Boredom Murder (supervised by Claire Battershill, Simon Fraser University)

Gillespie, Diane.  The Sisters’ Arts: The Writing and Painting of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell.  Syracuse UP, 1988.

Staveley, Alice. “Name That Face.”  Virginia Woolf Miscellany, vol. 51, 1998 (on the Three Guineas photographs).

Fry, Roger.  “Book Illustration and a Modern Example,” Transformations: Critical and Speculative Essays on Art.  1926. Doubleday, 1956.

Lahiri, Jhumpa. The Clothing of Books. Penguin, 2016.

Willson Gordon, Elizabeth.  The Woolf’s Head Publishing: The Highlights and the New Lights of the Hogarth Press. U of Alberta P, 2009.

Schaeffer, Talia.  “Posing Orlando.” Genders vol. 19, 1994.

Southworth, Helen  “Bloomsbury and the Book Art,” Cambridge Companion to the Bloomsbury Group. Cambridge UP, 2014.


Staveley, Alice on Hogarth Press manager Norah Nicholls. “Marketing Virginia Woolf: Women, War, and Public Relations in Three Guineas.” Book History, vol 12, 2009.

Wilson, Nicola. “‘So now tell me what you think!’: Sylvia Lynd’s Collaborative Reading and Reviewing ­the Work of an Interwar Middlewoman.” Literature & History (forthcoming). Osborne, Huw (ed). The Rise of the Modernist Bookshop: Books and the Commerce of Culture in the Twentieth Century. Ashgate, 2015.

Snaith Anna. Wide Circles: The Three Guineas Letters”. Woolf Studies Annual, vol. 6,  2000.

Beth Daugherty (ed).  Special Issue on Woolf’s Fan Mail. Woolf Studies Annual, vol. 12, 2006.

Alan Liu’s Toychest.  Link here 

Johanna Drucker’s course website.  Link here

Modernist Archives Publishing Project (MAPP) order book scans.  Link here


Tufte Edward. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Graphics Press, 2001

McLoughlin, Kate. The Modernist Party.  Edinburgh UP, 2013

Stein, Gertrude. Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas. Vintage, 1990.

Churchill, Suzanne.  Mina Loy:  Navigating the Avant-GardeLink here

McCracken, Scott.  Dorothy Richardson. Link here (see also Cucullu)


Heffernan et al., “Digital Archives and Women’s War Writing”

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive, University of Oxford

Link here

From the “Welcome” page:

The First World War Poetry Digital Archive is an online repository of over 7000 items of text, images, audio, and video for teaching, learning, and research.  (Accessed April 9, 2018)

The Great War Archive, University of Oxford

Link here

From the Introduction:

The Great War Archive contains over 6,500 digital items contributed by the general public between March and June 2008. Every item originates from, or relates to, someone’s experience of the First World War, either abroad or at home. Contributions were received via a special website and also through a series of open days at libraries and museums throughout the country. (Accessed April 9, 2018)


Mendelman, “Recounting the Literary History of Modernist Women Writers: Teaching Quantitative Methods to Undergraduates”

Course/Contributor’s website:

General archives

Modernist and author-specific archives

Archives related to women and gender

Digital tools

Related reading:  Kopley, Gordon and SouthworthKane, Snyder

Kane, “Theorizing and Teaching Women’s Periodical Networks through Digital Humanities”

Close Up Magazine Online Database:  Digitized issues from July–December 1927

Link here

See also:  Close Up, 1927–1933:  Cinema and Modernism, edited by James Donald, Anne Friedberg, and Laura Marcus (Princeton UP, 1998).

The Marsden Journals Work Site: Tools for Investigating The FreewomanThe New Freewoman, and The Egoist (part of the Modernist Journals Project)

Link here

University of Florida’s Index to Bim (1942–72)

Link here

Related reading:  Kopley, Gordon and Southworth, Mendelman

Foster, “Activism and Feminist Digital Pedagogy: Virginia Woolf and Muriel Rukeyser in Context”

Testimonies in Art & Action: Igniting Pacifism in the Face of Total War, an online exhibition at Haverford College

Link here

From the “About” page:

Testimonies in Art & Action: Igniting Pacifism in the Face of Total War creates a historical juncture with our present moment, illuminating how philosophies of nonviolence contained in art, literature, and action have been mobilized to stage a critical intervention in a progressively militarizing population. This exhibition juxtaposes primary source materials from the Quaker relief effort in Spain, much of which is from Haverford’s own Quaker & Special Collections, with student digital humanities projects that explore the peace testimonies embedded in the literature and art of the interwar period. In bringing together these multi-modal sources, this exhibition demonstrates the shared commitment to social justice and human rights that the pacifisms of the early twentieth century developed, particularly in the testimonial activism of the Society of Friends and public intellectuals. It aims to create a scholarly discussion focused on the themes of pacifism, activism, writing, and ethics; forms of resistance to total war; and social justice during the interwar period; and it demonstrates the interrelationship between “positive peace,” pacifism, and social justice.  (Accessed April 9, 2018)

Related reading:  Gordon and Southworth, Heffernan et al.Kane, Snyder

Resource: Digital Marianne Moore

The Marianne Moore Digital Archive is a major work in progress, digitizing the notebooks of a significant modernist poet and making available a wide range of resources devoted to the study of her texts.  The project is directed by Cristanne Miller, with Associate Directors Elizabeth Gregory, Robin Schulze, and Heather Cass White (all highly distinguished Moore scholars) and in collaboration with the Rosenbach Museum and Library in Philadelphia.

The archive includes a catalog of the 122 notebooks held by the Rosenbach; these notebooks document Moore’s reading, drawings, her conversations, and her composition process.  The site also offers a timeline of life and work, back issues of the Marianne Moore Newsletter, and a substantial scholarly bibliography.  Some notebook images are available, and one element that has the potential to be a major asset to Moore scholars is a notebook reader, still in prototype.  The Moore Digital Archive is a significant resource for scholars of modernist women’s writing and its archives.

Marianne Moore’s notebooks contain a vital record of a mind at work—drafts of poems and prose, playful drawings, copious notes from the events and performances she attended and her daily reading and research, impossibly catholic materials that range from quotations of high-toned commentary to advertisements for Johnnie Walker Scotch. Moore also recorded conversations—snippets of monologue and dialogue spoken by or about most of the most famous modernists and by family members and people she overheard on a train or at the zoo. Her notebooks constitute one of the great critical and cultural resources for modernist studies.

—from “The Notebooks,” Moore Archive


Screenshot of the homepage

Screenshot of the homepage


Screenshot of the reader prototype

Screenshot of the reader prototype


Screenshot of "The Notebooks"

Screenshot of “The Notebooks”


Resource: Digital Mina Loy

Mina Loy: Navigating the Avant-Garde is a beautiful digital resource designed and maintained by Suzanne Churchill and Andrew Rikard of Davidson College, and Susan Rosenbaum of the University of Georgia.  The site has a number of valuable features that might facilitate the teaching not only of Loy, but of the avant-garde more broadly.

The site offers a “Narrative” section, with five chapters:  “Enter the Avant-Garde,” “Futurist Plays,” “Dada Prose,” “Surreal Scene,” and “No Man’s Land.”  These well-researched and engaging multimedia chapters situate Loy’s work within a larger cultural and aesthetic context.  Here readers will find discussion of plays like The Pamperers alongside other artifacts of Futurism, and consideration of Loy’s fiction in conversation with the art of Marcel Duchamp.

Churchill, Rikard, and Rosenbaum also provide bios with a gallery of images; an interactive timeline of Loy’s life and work; and an archive of Loy manuscripts built using Omeka.  A manifesto positions this work within digital humanities and the kinds of close reading it can facilitate.  Modeled on Blast, the manifesto calls for doing “close reading better:  more informed, less closed.”  I recommend scholars and teachers of modernism spend some quality time immersed in this rich and well-designed site.




Resource: ModNets

ModNets is the long-awaited hub for peer-reviewed digital scholarship in modernist studies.  Here’s an excerpt from “What Is ModNets?”:

Modernist Networks (“ModNets”) is a federation of digital projects in the field of modernist literary and cultural studies. ModNets has the dual goals of providing a vetting community for digital modernist scholarship and a technological infrastructure to support M_O_D_N_E_T_S_-_Classroomdevelopment of scholarly projects and access to scholarship on modernist literature and culture. ModNets aims to promote affiliated digital projects; to offer peer review based on content, conception, and technical design; to provide editorial and technical support; to evolve standards and “best practices”; and to maintain a system for the aggregation of scholarly resources in the field.

The collection will feature works of scholarship including:

  • Digital editions of a text or set of texts
  • Digital concordances or search engine referencing some archive
  • Digital exhibits or teaching resources
  • Presentations of linguistic data based on a set of texts
  • Hypertext chronologies of lives or events

An inaugural member of the federation is Woolf Online, an important resource for those of us interested in teaching modernist women’s writing — and I’m also happy to see a feature that allows for instructors and students to work together in the ModNets Classroom.  Potential contributors to TMWWE with an interest in digital scholarship are encouraged to visit the site and think about how they might use it in their teaching.  Feel free to reflect in the comments.

SIDEBAR:  Have you seen our hashtag?  If you’re on Twitter, tweet your ideas and share resources using #teachingmodwomen!